The current number of space vehicles that have been to space is eight. The Crew Dragon is going to be the ninth successful crewed spaceflight on the mission to space. Jim Bridenstine says that there have been demo programs to test the path for the spacecraft launch. He recalls that Apollo, Mercury, and Gemini are the brand new space shuttles that ever carry people to space. He says that SpaceX is going to take the fifth position if the program succeeds.
Vostok (USSR, 1961) is the first shuttle to voyage a full orbit of the earth carrying a human being. The cabin of this flight could only contain one astronaut. The challenge with this shuttle is that the capsule didn’t have a landing gear. Therefore, the crew had to eject from it on its return journey. Different types of Gagarin capsule made a total of six flights. Valentina Tereshkova, the first female to space, is said to be the last voyager in this series.
The next different shuttle to space is the Mercury (the U.S., 1961). This spacecraft is a product of the U.S.’s mission to beat the USSR’s Vostok capsule. Alan Shepard is the first crew on this craft’s Freedom 7 capsule though it didn’t make a full orbit. John Glenn’s Friendship 7 capsule is the first in this category to make a complete orbit in February 1962. Pictures reveal that Mercury capsules were almost conical. Each of the modules that made the voyage had its name until 1963.
Next in line is Voskhod (USSR, 1964), whose design is an imitation of Vostok with additional area for crew members. NASA reports that for this to be possible, the engineers replaced the ejectable seat with stable couches and landing gear. This shuttle’s first occupant was the engineer, the pilot, and a medical doctor. The three had to abandon space suits to be able to fit in it. The second of Voskhod’s capsule was to test spacewalking. Voskhod 2, with two cosmonauts, was then sent to space. The first spacewalker, Alexei Leonov, spent about 12 minutes in aerospace, which is the last of Voskhod’s mission.
Gemini (U.S., 1965) follows the Voskhod 2 mission. Gemini is an imitation of Mercury, just like Voskhod. Gemini carried two engineers whose purpose was to dock it in orbit. This mission would ensure a safe landing on the moon. Also, the shuttle was to explore spacewalking and increase the period of the voyage. Gemini 4 is achieved this with Ed White making a sortie and lasting four days. NASA reports that Gemini 8 astronauts could dock in space and also spend more than a week there. The end mission was Gemini 12, which could dock and allow three different spacewalks. After that, NASA says it was ready to explore deployment to the moon.
Soyuz (USSR/Russia, 1967) is a replacement for Voskhod. This space shuttle’s cosmonaut died because of parachute malfunction on reentry in 1967. This craft is still active, though with modifications. The nation has, over the decades, come up with ten different crewed models. At the center is the crew module, the only capsule that reenters earth. On the other side is the orbital capsule with the docking gears. Soyuz has made over 100 crewed flights a notable dock being with the Apollo command capsule in 1975. NASA says that Soyuz has been essential in its research by giving lifts to its researchers to space and ISS since 2011.
The Apollo(U.S., 1968) follows with its exciting series of events. NASA says that its mission was to land the astronauts on the moon. This craft is a slight modification on the shape of its predecessors, giving it a squat appearance. The module’s design was to ensure it lands two astronauts to the moon and back. Unfortunately, Apollo 1 caught fire, killing three astronauts in a preflight test. NASA had to reservice and repackage the ship before returning to the launchpad. However, the command capsule, Apollo 7, whose mission was to orbit the earth, was successful with several docks. Apollo 11 is the first of the series to dock safely on the moon. The lunar module’s design is to enhance its landing on the moon. In 1970, the Apollo 13 mission took a fall after the explosion in the service module. The three astronauts on it had to evacuate to the lunar capsule jet back to earth. Apollo 17 was the last of its kind to make a voyage in 1975. After that, NASA took a break for close to ten years.
NASA retorts that the Space Shuttle (U.S., 1981) is their most-used ship. This ship is the first they had to reuse. The next five shuttles they made covered a sum of 135 missions till 2011. The shuttle’s designation looks like a plane hence the name orbiters. The shuttle can carry seven crewmembers. Its components are a cargo bay, an airlock, and two decks. Two of the shuttle fleet, the Challenger and Columbia, encountered catastrophic accidents killing 14 astronauts. The retirement of the other ships followed in 2011, following their crumbling.
According to NASA, the next new vessel to space was Shenzhou(China, 2003). This vessel is similar to the Soyuz and makes China the third nation to deploy humans to aerospace. The shuttle carried one astronaut and took a day’s orbit. After that came several flights and finally settled its flights to their space stations, six of this shuttle have been to space with the latest being 2016.
Crew Dragon (U.S., 2020)
The latest ship that is awaiting its launch is the Crew Dragon(U.S., 2020). It is going to be the first commercial vessel to go to ISS. Several test flights are underway to ensure the reliability of the shuttle. It can host seven astronauts, but NASA is banking on two veteran astronauts to generate a report after their voyage.
Finally, there are suborbital missions whose rearview appears to be like a boundary of space. They are sending signals to earth to enhance internet