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Space

NASA Invades Airbus for Space Data

Spanish satellite in the new space constellation in the previous year is the latest to prove that it is possible to revisit the constellation in as few as five days. With this thought, NASA is preparing to request access to data from Airbus Defence. This data is vital for the easy navigation of satellites through space. The information is a product from Commercial SmallSat Data Acquisition Program(CSDAP). 

NASA is hopeful of signing a contract with Airbus Defence to grant them access to crucial space data. This data includes satellite imagery and other essential optical information. This contract is leeway for the growth of NASA and a thorough analysis of the space information. 

NASA has a program whose aim is to analyze data from small-satellite orientations to enhance space exploration and research. The program analyses the utility of these satellite observations. The significance of the study is to be able to purchase the data observation from Earth. Various companies are now on board with the plan, including Spire Global and Maxar Technologies. These companies are on par to provide data for NASA researchers. 

CSDAP, which is NASA’s program, buys or enters into contracts with the small satellite companies. The program allows for nongovernmental firms to join in and provide such services. This move is to ensure that there is a ready replacement for companies that fail to deliver the services that are due them. 

Kevin Murphy, an executive at NASA, says that their focus is on commercial firms that are ready to serve. He says that they expect to identify firms that will propel the US ahead in space exploration. He further reiterates that they are going to elevate the companies with the capabilities to spearhead the US’s superiority in space. 

Airbus Defence is one of the space giants that the CSDAP seems to favor. NASA is hopeful that the firm can provide relevant earth observation data. The firm is the latest to fall into the program’s setup. 

Murphy says that the contract is yet to take effect. He retorts that they are in the process of evaluating the usefulness of the data from the firm. He further adds that they hope the data they are to provide will apply to the advancement of their current system. NASA hopes the data aligns with their system and relevant science. 

NASA hopes that the Airbus satellites will generate vital data for space infiltration. They are particularly interested in the data from optical and radar systems. NASA’s delight is how Airbus is going to utilize its satellites to acquire more information. The information they value includes satellite imagery at various angles.  

In conclusion, NASA is hopeful to go through the contract with Airbus. The deal is an excellent opportunity for NASA to trap the next-generation of technology. Airbus is also looking forward to working with NASA for the development of the space industry. 

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Energy

Innovative composite presents a new solution to climate change

Global warming is probably the most significant challenge facing the world, including its long – term consequences ranging in severity and impossible to forecast. The resulting severe weather conditions will destroy facilities, endanger food production, weaken the atmosphere, and present a hazard to public health and welfare. The development of greenhouse emissions is a significant factor in the environmental transition. Power production is a substantial source of pollution and has historically seen a growing increase in pollution. Conversely, emissions held steady in 2018 and 2019, due mainly to the international focus on renewable power generation.

Renewable technology investments will proceed to accelerate to mitigate global warming. Wind energy is a common alternative for more than 340,000 wind generators on earth, consuming limited side space and requiring no electricity. However, the use of environmentally sustainable power supplies includes advanced technologies to generate and distribute heat effectively.

On the other hand, composites are currently proven to support the wind energy industry by allowing the manufacture of more full and lightweight rotor blades, hence maximizing power overall performance. Nevertheless, to optimize the absorption of wind power into a broad network, we ought to improve the output of wind energy and deliver it through the power grid. The full total capacity of the transmission lines is a significant major bottleneck for linking wind electricity to the system. When the power is increased, the current power level overheats the cable, allowing the conductor content to stretch and the transmission wire to expand, creating a ‘thermal wave’ that can contribute to electric blackouts. 

Composite core transmission lines can substitute steel core circuits — Aluminium conductor Composite Reinforced (ACCR) circuits — utilizing the current power systems. Composite components have a significantly low CTE compared to steel, which ensures that they can handle high heats allowing the wire to break, rendering the connection a High-Temperature Low-Sag (HTLS) transmitter. Composite-core circuits can bear almost double the output of steel-core transmission lines at far lower temperature applications. Composite cores integrate a high strength to weight proportion than steel, creating a more significant quantity of aluminum in the wire for energy transmission without overwhelming the circuit.

Wind energy is now a common form of renewable energy, yet electricity grid technology still restricts its capacity. Composites promote the introduction of wind power, not only by creating turbines quite efficient and practical but also by maximizing the existing power cord size. Incorporating advanced equipment and products into the power grid will aid us in a more clean society. 

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Space

Space junk crisis hits tipping point as 18 tons rocket fall on earth that is of Chinese origin

NASA approximates that 21,000 pieces of space junk are in existence in the space, this came about when man first traveled up in the area in 1961 and never did the duty of keeping it tidy. Five hundred thousand pieces of debris are the same size of marbles, and it travels at a speed of 17,500 mph, which is considered a danger to the satellites.

 An 18-ton rocket of Chinese origin passed over the states of Los Angeles and New York and fell right into the Atlantic Ocean. It has been projected that around 8,800 tons of objects that were not gotten rid of by humans who went to space could be hazardous; hence misses such as that are common nowadays, a case was recorded last year in September.

It was recorded in 2009 that two satellites both of American and Russian origin crashed and damaged in northern Siberia

A satellite run by the AT&T was termed as dangerous, and it could explode hence destroying other satellites so it was moved from the others before it could cause harm thus since then no action was displayed

The FCC voted at the ending of April hence requiring lots of admission from people who operate in satellites seeking licenses. However, they wilted from introducing new laws that govern the removal of orbital debris.

The problem is anticipated to get worse according to experts because many satellites will be launching annually, almost close to 1,100 satellites. The number of satellites around the earth is expected to be much more in the next decade

A company called Astroscale that is in charge of cleaning up space debris is also in the cost of cleaning up space pathways to dodge collisions of objects left by the man in the space; even the Japan’s Aerospace Exploration Agency is involved in removing the debris

It plans to conclude its mission by the end of 2022, and the target of its purpose is to launch satellite the will see and obtain data on the upper rocket stage, its main idea is to know how the debris moves about in space.

A spokesperson from NASA said that fixing the issue of debris will need maximum cooperation between nations, 

Holger Krag, the head of space safety program office at the European Space Agency, said that they had the idea of using lasers to push the objects out of the path slowly, Chris Blackerby the director for Astroscale in Japan also added that the awareness is rising of the junk that is in the earth orbit

Another rising matter was the Kessler Syndrome, in which a scientist from NASA brought up that exploding chain of space could make exploring the area impossible for the forthcoming generations.

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Space

Air Force procurement head: Three space launch donor s “would be immense if we had financial support”

WASHINGTON –The United States of America Air Force head procurement administrator, Will Roper confirmed that he is grateful that independent market research was made public on April 28. It offers support to the verdict in selecting two launch offers for the national security space to commence the program.

Roper confirmed to reporters during a video conference on April 29 that in an ideal world, they absolutely would carry on with more providers; however, it is not economically possible.

He stated that the possibility of going beyond that and get the third providers would be remarkable only if they had funding.

Four launch companies of the United States of America (SpaceX, United Launch Alliance, Northrop Grumman, and Blue Origin) contenting for two deals will receive awards in the forthcoming summer. Skeptics have suggested that Space and Missile Systems Center should strive to keep more and not fewer syndicates in the domestic space launch business.

The market research undertaken in the last year by the company RAND Corp supports the Air Force’s competition that it could only manage to pay for two providers. However, it recommends that the Air Force evade its bets in the forthcoming term and offer tailored back up to permit three U.S. launch service donors to carry on or joint the heavy-lift launch business.

Roper maintained that the forthcoming National Security Space Launch Phase2 procurement deals would be given to only two syndicates. He confirmed that he concurred with RAND that there were dangers in the program since the firms are providing newly developed spaceships. The Phase 2 procurement terms permit the Space and Missile Systems Center to make use of legacy launch cars when the new ones are not available to begin carrying missions by the year 2022.

Roper concurs with the approach by stating that it is essential to continue having access to their legacy systems in the next three years.

He confirmed that Space and Missile Systems Center might consider beginning NSSL Phase 3 earlier if more money was available. Phase 3 would assist the two syndicates that do not triumph Phase 2. With the current plans, Phase 3 is set to commence in the year 2025.

Roper stated that he would like to carry on research and development in initialization and commence Phase3 R&D sooner. He added that it is only just a financial constraint for them.

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Space

China Explore Moon Landing Missions

The landing of the Chinese spacecraft on the moon on Friday comes as a surprise amidst the coronavirus outbreak. This move is indicative of the country living beyond the impacts of the virus. Other astronauts will be arriving in this deep space from China sooner than later. 

The spacecraft mission to the moon is a success of the launch by the heavy-lift rocket on Tuesday. This spacecraft is the first to travel over 4000 miles from China since the outbreak of coronavirus. It is the best craft launch by the country. Its separations are so far the quickest with a time interval of approximately 15 minutes. It also has three parachutes for a smooth landing. This feature is an improvement from the predecessor, which has only one. This craft is the best upgrade in terms of the engine supporting the propulsion of this machine.

The crew module of the spacecraft reports its landing at precisely 10 minutes to 2 a.m. This report is a submission from the reporting station, which is the Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. (CASC). The return speed is more than 8kilometers per second.

The objective of this rocket launch is to estimate its capacity to take the trajectory with heavy space station modules. This new model proves it is possible to carry extra fuel without worrying about weight. China is now focusing on remodeling this spacecraft but with slightly futuristic tech equipment and spare parts.

The mission of this spacecraft is to venture the deep of the space, which is now a success. The task is a resemblance of the past Orion Flight test though it ventures further than the Orion. The success of this spacecraft is now a result of two more modules. The only difference between the two is that weight the varying factor implying that one is slightly lighter than the other.

One of the versions is capable of carrying three astronauts with 500kg cargo or five astronauts. This craft is likely to be the best means of transport to the outer expanse, especially to the Chinese Space Station. The other version is slightly technical, with some of its parts being reusable. The deputy chief designer says that the latter is of a design such that it can dock at the space station with ease.

In conclusion, further developments of the craft are due in the 2030s, and therefore some adjustments are still under study. It means that the future plane is going to be a masterpiece that can launch into the deep space, dock at the stations, and conduct research activities.

Categories
Energy

Cheap oil has no impact on the Renewable energy sources amidst the pandemic

At the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, that moved through the Spain workers at the Nunez Balboa, which produces 500 megawatts by the use of the solar panel, were at work and other workers in the country were at home. 

The workers had put on the protective gear and follow other safety adjustments that ensure the worker has maintained a social distance of four-square miles on the panel line. On 6th April, the power company, which is the largest in Europe, has a capacity of supplying power to more than 250,000 people who are directly on the grid. 

Iberdrola which run the grid is a multinational energy provider, has the headquarter in Spain. Iberdrola is among the many companies that provide renewable energy projects that had to provide energy despite the corona outbreak with the decline in the oil prices of the oil, which is the primary sector for the provision of electricity.

The industry has shown a positive sign, in the past years, it has become viable, and the primary competitor to the conventional fossil fuel that was the dominant power provider. The experts in the energy sector say that the market in renewable has some stability. The industry is stable despite the weather changes due to the fluctuations which cause the poised experience, which increases the effort to maintain the economies once the pandemic outbreak is over in the world. 

Xabier Viteri said that what they need now are the job opportunities and other activities. Xabier is the current director of business energy at Iberdrola, and he added that renewable energy is competitive and uses mature technology. The increase in the energy supply is some of the significant activities that some people can engage in because it is direct, and its results are immediate.

From the year 2005, the development of renewables sources of energy has outsmarted the use of non-renewable energy in the whole world. It has led to an increase of more than 72 percent of the current generation of electricity last year. The above information came from the international renewable energy agency.

Mr. Xabier added that this is the opportunity we should use to make the right choice of investment and ensure people move to the use. Investing in renewable energy is not only an option but one of the best opportunities in the business world. The best idea is to come up with a plan that will ensure that the world economy does not collapse due to the energy crisis in the fuel sector.

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Space

Space Observatory Industry Under Threat

Stratosphere observing and monitoring organization World View has initiated a postponement of its innovative industry strategies. The company which focuses on shedding light on changes that occur on our planet from the stratosphere has urged its workers to shift their working activities from home. The decision is a move aiming to reduce interaction between the company workers during this coronavirus season 

The organization that recently established its so-named Stratollite atmospheric balloon platform will have to stop operations until the pandemic clears through. Their invention aims to provide remote-controlled monitoring at high altitude levels as well as other services offered by spacecraft in general. The company revealed that it would start its operations by flying a range of its balloons in a “loop” or flightpath in the Northern regions and parts of Central America. The business anticipates that its vision of having a collection of Stratollites that travel in the earth’s orbit will happen soon. Among its fleet of ranged balloons is a fleet that provides images with a resolution of 5 cm. These are comparatively better photos compared to images captured from satellites.

According to the company Vice president, Tom Pirrone, the project is well into its projected launch timeline. Pirrone gave this statement during a concept viewing of the project at the previous Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers Conference in Broomfield, Colorado. He confirms that the sector is currently a competitive and high-margin company.

At that point in the summer, World View anticipated that Stratollites would proceed with one or more launches on this expected track that would eventually rise to 20 launches at a time. Nevertheless, similar preparations are still ongoing as the business declines its state of operations during this pandemic season

World View then planned to operate Stratollites on the circuit throughout the autumn, steadily rising to 20 at a time. However, these preparations are still in effect as the business crashes after the pandemic.

Ryan Hartman, who is the current Chief Executive Officer at World View, told us during a recent interview on April 13 that the company will need to postpone its set marketing activities. However, it is not a happy ordeal for the time-crunched company. A series of plans that were set to take place will have to be postponed by a couple of months, if not years. The delay will have a massive impact on whether the company stays afloat through this season    

World View has its headquarters situated in Tucson, Arizona. Tuscon is among the states with directives that closed down non-essential enterprises. Ryan further continues to state that the legislative orders announced have a profound effect on how the business will run from then. However, he remains optimistic that things will get back to normal after the coronavirus scare.

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Space

Operations at Intelsat satellite resume subsequently to the docking of the robotic servicer

The Intelsat spacecraft for communication, which has been running low of fuel, return to its commercial operations at 36,000 kilometers above the Atlantic Ocean after it received the assistant from the new servicing satellite at the beginning of the year.  

This mission extension vehicle was first of its kind; construction of the satellite took place in Virginia by Northrop Grumman on 25th February with Intelsat 901 satellite. The spacecraft finished its first link-up between satellites in the geosynchronous orbit, which is the region above the equator where the movement of satellites with speed equals the speed of the earth’s rotation.

The link-up was automatic and occurred on-board through the navigation sensor in combination with the orchestrated with the teams in the ground. The activity marked the first satellite connection, which is autonomous with other objects in the space that did not have docking design.

The mission extension vehicle owned by Northrop Grumman controlled the propulsion and the attitude management duties for the Intelsat 901 satellite. The satellite launching was in June the year 2001 aboard the European Ariane 4 rocket and had designed with a lifespan of 13 years. The spacecraft now has the capacity of delivering services to the people but with retire in the coming days without Northrop Grumman’s help of servicing it.

The Intelsat is currently at a position along the equator of the earth at 27.5 degrees west longitude, the area which it relays the trans-Atlantic television, data, traffic, and voice control. 

Mike DeMarco said that company focus is to provide the best experience for the customer in the industry. He added that the company is proud to be the inventors of the space fueling; he is the chief service officer at Northrop Grumman. Mike said the company has projected the increase in demand for the connectivity services in the world and maintains the experience they have with their customers through the development of innovative technology like the MEV-1, which helped the company to meet its target and needs.

After docking of the Intelsat 901 at the end of February, The MEV-1 satellite servicer plotted the communications satellite from a point above the Pacific Ocean, which is the current operating position above Atlantic through the help of the Ultra-efficiency ion thruster.  MEV-1 nudged Intelsat 901 back over the equator from the earlier position of the orbit that had inclined at 1.6 degrees. 

Categories
Energy

Australia in Renewable Energy Exportation

Australian Ambassador for Women in Engineering, Nicky Ison, is spearheading the country to become a leading exporter of renewable energy. Her career is a mark of her love for introducing and developing practical answers to climate problems. She is an embodiment of courageous women ready to actualize solutions for environmental issues.

Her career depicts exemplary leaders ready to stand for the right course. Her ability to help communities set up energy projects is laudable. As a strategist for Climate Action Network, she can motivate members and colleagues to create a green Australia. She also plays the role of a research expert at the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) in the country.

Nicky is hopeful that her current role as an expert and consultant is going to revolutionize the energy sector of the country. She is pushing for the transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy, which is sustainable. 

Her last year’s appointment as the Manager at WWF-Australia is a move for the country to become an exporter of renewables by 2030. Though this mission seems pushy, it is equally possible, according to her. Nicky reiterates that Australia can enjoy a prosperous economy in a healthy environment.

Nicky says that it is evident that if the country acts on climate change, the economy can thrive. She argues that if the natural resources exhaust, they are going to venture into renewable energy. Nicky therefore explains that the venture is viable and feasible for the country. She further condemns dependence on current fuels as the source of pollution. She says the bushfires this summer are a glimpse of the incoming future problems. 

To achieve renewable energy exportation, Nicky outlines a framework of how Australia is going to generate renewable energy. She suggests an amicable way of integrating the policies for the export to occur. She further comes up with employment opportunities where energy expertise and equipment are employable. 

Manufacturing industries can introduce solar-powered products. The export of these products generates revenue. Renewable hydrogen can now refine products with more exquisite details for trading and also for local use. Other manufacturing plants are essential in the generation of spare parts for renewable energy generation like wind turbine blades.

In summary, Nicky states that her two degrees in Environmental Studies and her work experience are credible for her venture into clean energy. She says that there are open jobs for women in engineering as long as there are equity and inclusion. Moreover, she adds that her passion is what drives her to come up with global ideas.

Categories
Energy

Electric Cars still the Cleanest even with Coal Energy

Electric cars remain to be the best in terms of environmental friendliness. Although those against electric vehicles say that as long as it uses gasoline for internal combustion, it is still unconducive for the environment.

Specialists argue that it is unconventional to say that electric vehicles are ‘greener’ because they consider the sources of electricity for these vehicles. They say that it is these sources of power that are replacing the cars that polluted the air by combusting fuel. A recent study, however, seems to counteract these allegations. The research shows that electric vehicles have handled environmental challenges effectively, especially in countries whose primary source of power is coal.

Research by the universities of Cambridge, Exeter, and Nijmegen shows that the shift to electric cars results in the reduction of carbon emission save for the fact that these vehicles depend on energy generated from fuels. Many argue with the latter point that electricity plants consume fossil fuels. Therefore they still are a threat to climate change.

Research shows that it will be conventionally efficient to shift to electric cars which are overly better than petrol cars. It is because they have a high chance of minimizing air pollution in the environment.

Countries that depend on renewable energy and nuclear-generated energy as the power for running electric vehicles, like France, have seen a decrease in carbon emissions to a large extent. Those countries which depend on gas power plants to run their electric cars, like the UK, are reporting to have reduced emissions though not as high as the former.

It, therefore, implies that countries which are adopting electric vehicles(EVs) as a replacement for petrol cars will experience fewer carbon emissions compared to those that still produce new and improvised petrol cars. EVs are proving to be more efficient and environmentally friendly.

Research forecasts that shortly the electric vehicles will phase out petrol cars, and this will result in a subsequent drop in the carbon dioxide emitted by half of what is being issued currently in countries like Russia and Germany.

It also goes on to the other electric heating equipment. It will phase out the fossil fuel alternatives, and there will be a consequent reduction in carbon emissions. It includes electric heaters, pumps, and kettles.

To conclude, it is idealistic to consider replacing petrol run machines with electric ones so that global carbon dioxide emission reduces and climate change positively impacted.